Billionaires are increasing with USA and China toping Hurun Global Rich List 2015

Mark Zuckerberg, Bill Gates
For the first time ever there are now more than 2,000 billionaires in the world (2,089 to be precise) According to the 2015 Hurun Global Rich List India has for the first time surpassed Britain and Russia in terms of the number of residents with at least $1,000,000,000 (£656 million) in the bank.
The list also revealed that Microsoft founder Bill Gates is still the richest human alive, with a reported wealth of $85 billion, with Mexico’s Carlos Slim Helu a close second with $83 billion.
In all 2,089 billionaires 40 people listed were under the age of forty, with Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg, 30, being placed as the seventh richest man in the world.

Snapchat founders Evan Spiegel, 24, and Bobby Murphy, 26, have also found themselves to be the youngest billionaires on the list.

Assets: 160 billion yuan - Asiaone Only 279 women made the list, and the USA and China by far contain the most billionaires.    
         
Introduction:(3 February 2015, Beijing, China) Hurun Report today released the Hurun Global Rich List 2015, a ranking of the US dollar billionaires currently found in the world. Wealth calculations are a snapshot of 17 January 2015.  This is the fourth year that Hurun Report has released a ranking of the dollar billionaires in the world. The Hurun Global Rich List 2015 is sponsored by Chinese luxury home builder Star River Property.


SURGE OF 222 BILLIONAIRES TO RECORD 2089 BILLIONAIRES IN WORLD

BILL GATES, CARLOS SLIM AND WARREN BUFFETT SEE WEALTH SURGE US$52BN OR US$100,000 A MINUTE OVER PAST YEAR TO COMBINED RECORD TOTAL OF US$244BN
USA AND CHINA MAKE UP HALF WORLD’S BILLIONAIRES; INDIA BREAKS INTO TOP 3 FOR FIRST TIME
NEW ENERGY KING LI HEJUN STEALS CROWN OF CHINA NUMBER ONE FROM JACK MA

LEADING AUTHORITY ON CHINA’S WEALTHY RELEASES HURUN GLOBAL RICH LIST 2015
  • WORLD’S BILLIONAIRES GREW BY 222 TO 2089 INDIVIDUALS. RECORD NUMBER OF BILLIONAIRES.
  • 649 SAW WEALTH INCREASE + 341 NEW FACES. 869 SAW WEALTH DECREASE + 95 DROPPED OFF LAST YEAR’S LIST, WITH 10 RUSSIANS LEADING WAY.
  • USA AND CHINA DOMINATE WITH 537 AND 430 BILLIONAIRES, MAKING UP HALF OF THE HURUN LIST. CHINA STOCK MARKET BOOM KEY DRIVER FOR 72 NEW FACES, FOLLOWED BY USA WITH 56. INDIA UP BY 27 TO BREAK INTO TOP 3 FOR FIRST TIME, REPLACING RUSSIA.
  • BILL GATES, 59, HOLDS ONTO TOP SPOT WITH US$85BN, JUST AHEAD OF CARLOS SLIM AT US$83BN. WARREN BUFFETT 3RD WITH US$76BN.
  • NEW YORK BILLIONAIRE CAPITAL OF THE WORLD. 5 GREATER CHINA CITIES MAKE TOP 10: HK, BEIJING, SHENZHEN, TAIPEI AND SHANGHAI.
  • TECHNOLOGY KEY SOURCE OF WEALTH FOR SECOND YEAR RUNNING. REAL ESTATE, MANUFACTURING, INVESTMENTS AND RETAIL FOLLOW. MARK ZUCKERBERG, 30, BREAKS INTO TOP 10.
  • NEW ENERGY KING LI HEJUN, 48, IS CHINA NEW NUMBER ONE WITH US$26BN. WANG JIANLIN REBOUNDS AFTER LISTING REAL ESTATE AND CINEMA UNITS, JACK MA THIRD AFTER DROP IN ALIBABA SHARE PRICE.
  • CHINA leads with SELF-MADE WOMEN. OF 69 self-made WOMEN IN WORLD, 35 are from China.
  • 529 BILLIONAIRES OF CHINESE ORIGIN, 23% OF TOTAL.
  • SELF MADE BUT WITH A LITTLE HELP FROM PARENTS WAS THE MOST COMMON ROUTE TO BECOMING A BILLIONAIRE. HURUN REPORT THIS YEAR INNOVATED A SELF-MADE SCORECARD, ASSESSING BETWEEN 1 AND 5 THE DEGREE TO WHICH A BILLIONAIRE WAS SELF-MADE OR INHERITED.
  • 40 INDIVIDUALS BELOW 40 YEARS, 22 SELF-MADE. SNAPCHAT FOUNDERS EVAN SPIEGEL, 24, AND BOBBY MURPHY, 26, YOUNGEST. UBER TECHNOLOGIES GARRET CAMP, 36, AND TRAVIS KALANICK, 38, EACH WORTH US$1.3BN; AIRBNB JOE GEBBIA, 33, AND NATHAN BLECHARCZYK, 31, EACH WORTH US$1.5BN.
  • BIGGEST GAINER. E- COMMERCE TYCOON LIU QIANGDONG, 41, OF JD COM, SAW HIS WEALTH QUADRUPLE TO US$6.7BN FROM US$1.5BN LAST YEAR.
  • CHINESE STOCK EXCHANGES ATTRACTED MORE BILLIONAIRES THAN US, FOR THIRD YEAR RUNNING.
  • CHINESE STAR SIGNS. BILLIONAIRES BORN IN THE YEAR OF THE HORSE (CURRENT YEAR) LEAD THE WAY. YEAR OF THE SHEEP (STARTS ON FEB 19) COMES IN AT 6TH PLACE.
  • CHINESE LUXURY HOME BUILDER STAR RIVER IS SPONSOR OF HURUN GLOBAL RICH LIST FOR SECOND YEAR.


(3 February 2015, Beijing, China) Hurun Report today released the Hurun Global Rich List 2015, a ranking of the US dollar billionaires currently found in the world. Wealth calculations are a snapshot of 17 January 2015, and for key people stock movements of 10% or more between the cut-off date and the release date are factored in.  This is the fourth year that Hurun Report has released a ranking of the dollar billionaires in the world. The Hurun Global Rich List 2015 is sponsored by Chinese luxury home builder Star River Property.

The List at a glance
The Hurun Global Rich List 2015 ranked 2089 billionaires from 68 countries, up 222 from last year, in a record-breaking year for the world’s billionaires.
649 saw their wealth increase and there were 341 new faces. 230 remained unchanged. 869 individuals saw their wealth decrease. 95 dropped out of last year’s list.
The Russian Rouble collapse, brought about by a stagnating Russian economy, sanctions due to Ukrainian conflict and cheaper oil price by the OPEC, has been the cause for 60% of Russian billionaires to see their wealth drop, led by Vladimir Yevtushenkov and Vagit Alekperov of Lukoil whose wealth fell by 77% and 73% respectively.
Although the list expanded by 222 individuals, the total wealth dropped by 1.5% to US$6.7 trillion, still more than the GDP of Japan and South Korea combined.
The average age is 64, same as last year.

Rupert Hoogewerf, Chairman and Chief Researcher of Hurun Report, said, “Tech has been leading the way again for new billionaires. It’s all eyes on the new economy.”
“’New Energy King’ Li Hejun becomes the twelfth Number One China has had in the past 16 years, underlying once again the dynamism of the Chinese economy. In that same period, Bill Gates has been the only Number One in the US.”

Top Ten – Hurun Global Rich List 2015

Name
WealthUS$bn
% change YOY
Source of Wealth
Age
Country of residence
Self-Made Scorecard
1-
Bill Gates
85
25%
Investments
59
USA
4
2↑
Carlos Slim Helu & family
83
38%
America Movil
75
Mexico
5
3-
Warren Buffet
76
19%
Berkshire Hathaway
84
USA
5
4↓
Amancio Ortega
55
-11%
Zara
78
Spain
5
5-
Larry Ellison
54
13%
Oracle
70
USA
5
6-
Bernard Arnault
45
-2%
LVMH
65
France
4
7*
Mark Zuckerberg
44
42%
Facebook
30
USA
4
8↑
Charles Koch
36
0%
Energy
79
USA
3
8↑
David Koch
36
0%
Energy
74
USA
3
8*
Dieter Schwarz
36
29%
Retail
75
Germany
3
Source: Hurun Research Institute 2015
↑ Rank increase yoy  ↓ Rank decrease yoy  - No Rank change yoy  * New to Top 10

Bill Gates, 59, retains the number 1 spot with a fortune of US$85bn, up US$17bn, on the back of strong gains on his investments. Interestingly, one quarter of his wealth is parked with Warren Buffett, exceeding the value of his remaining stake in Microsoft. Other investments include US$3.5bn in Facebook, owned by Mark Zuckerberg also in the Top 10, and close to US$2bn in the Four Seasons hotel chain, majority owned by Prince Alwaleed, one of the Top 20. Gates became a billionaire by the age of 31. Despite being one of the biggest philanthropists in the world, Gates has been in the Top 3 of the Hurun Global Rich List since its inception four years ago.

Carlos Slim Helu, 75, regains his second spot with a 38% surge in his fortune to US$83bn. Interestingly, Slim is said to like to drive himself and has lived in the same six-bedroom house for the past 40 years. Slim has six children.

Warren Buffett, 84, saw his wealth shoot up by US$12bn or 19%. Buffett donated US$2.8bn to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation last year. Interestingly, 99 percent of his wealth was earned after his 50th birthday. His children, Susan, Howard and Peter, run their own charity foundations. “I would say the most satisfying thing is watching my children pick up on their own interests," Buffett said, "and work many more hours per week, than most people that have jobs, at trying to intelligently give away that money in fields that they particularly care about."

Amancio Ortega, 78, is out of the top three for the first time in three years, after seeing his stake in Zara drop by US$7bn, due in part to a drop in the Euro. Ortega has three children.

Larry Ellison, 70, with US$54bn, saw his wealth increase by 13%. Ellison is a signatory of The Giving Pledge, committing to donate more than half his wealth to philanthropic causes. Ellison is best-known for his passion for the sea, racing in the America’s Cup owning one of the biggest yachts in the world and in 2012 buying one of Hawaii’s largest islands. Interestingly, Steve Jobs was the official photographer at Ellison’s wedding.

Bernard Arnault, 65, stays at sixth with US$45bn. Arnault has five children from two marriages.

Mark Zuckerberg, at 30 the youngest member of the Top 10, has had a great year. His wealth soared 42%, moving him up 11 places no. 7. In October, Zuckerberg surprised many with the quality of his spoken Chinese during a visit to Tsinghua University in China. Zuckerberg graduated from one of America’s best-known private high schools, Phillips Exeter Academy, which is why Hurun Report assessed his self-made score ‘4’. Zuckerberg has donated US$2bn. Five Facebook billionaires made the Hurun List.

Dieter Schwarz, 75, saw his wealth shoot up 29% to US$36bn and winning him a place in the Top 10 for the first time. Schwarz inherited a retailing business from his father but has since grown it significantly. Schwarz is known to be very low-key.

Charles, 79, and David Koch, 74, go up one place despite their wealth remaining the same.

Jeff Bezos and Sheldon Adelson out of Top 10 after just one year, down to 22nd and 24th place respectively.

Measuring the degree to which Billionaires are Self-Made
This year, Hurun Report innovated a scorecard measuring the degree to which billionaires are inherited or self-made. The scorecard is out of five, where 1 is inherited and not active in business, and 5 is self-made without help from parents.

Self-made with a little help from parents was the most common route to becoming a billionaire. An example is Mark Zuckerberg, who was educated at Phillips Exeter Academy, one of America’s best-known private high schools,.  Second was self-made without help from parents, most of whom are coming from China and the US. Third was inheriting a business and growing it into a much bigger entity, eg Rupert Murdoch.
China leads with self-made ‘5s’.

25% of the Self-Made ‘4s’ and ‘5s’ are female, whilst 72% of the ‘1s’ are female. For the ‘2s’, the majority of the Chinese are from HK.

69% are self-made and a further 19% are substantially self-made in that they grew an inherited business into a much bigger business.

82 individuals, or 4%, are from the 4th generation or more. The 82 come from 52 companies.

Countries by Self-Made Scorecard
Self-Made  Scorecard
% of billionaires
TOP 3 Countries (with %. of billionaires)
Example
5
 
1. China (61%)
Self-made without parental financial support eg Warren Buffett
30%
2. USA (13%)
 
3. Chinese Taipei (5%)
4
 
1. USA (38%)
Self-made, but with a helping hand from parents such as through private education, eg Mark Zuckerberg
39%
2. Russia (10%)
 
3. India (5%)
3
 
1. USA (22%)
Inherited a small business and grew it big time, eg Rupert Murdoch
19%
2. India (9%)
 
3. Germany (9%)
2
 
1. USA (23%),
Inherited, but active in the business eg Liliane Bettencourt of L’Oreal
8%
2. China (16%),
 
3. Chinese Taipei (8%)
1
 
1. USA (33%),
Inherited and not actively involved in the business, eg Laurene Powell Jobs of Apple
4%
2. Brazil (13%)
 
3. China (7%)
Source: Hurun Research Institute 2015

Where they live
The ‘Big Two’ are the USA and China with 537 and 430 billionaires respectively, amounting to almost half of the billionaires on the planet. India grew fast. Russia had a bad year, losing 10 billionaires.

New York is the ‘Billionaire Capital of the World’, retaining the title it took away from Moscow two years in a row. 91 of the Hurun Billionaires live in the Big Apple, up 7 from last year. The rise in Hong Kong billionaires came about mainly from ranking several families individually, as well as 6 new faces.

Rise of Asia: Of the top 17 billionaires whose fortunes doubled this past year, 14 are Chinese, led by Liu Qiangdong of online retailer JD.COM.
Where they live
 
Country
No of billionaires
Change in No. of billionaires
 
City
Number of billionaires
Change in No. of Billionaires
1-
USA
537
56
1-
New York
91
7
2-
China
430
72
2-
Moscow
73
-4
3↑
India
97
27
3-
Hong Kong
71
22
4↓
Russia
93
-10
4-
Beijing
68
11
5↓
UK
80
3
5-
London
49
0
6-
Germany
72
6
6-
Mumbai
40
7
7-
Switzerland
60
4
7↑
Shenzhen
34
7
8-
Brazil
56
8
8↓
Taipei
33
5
9↑
Chinese Taipei
48
11
9↑
Shanghai
30
6
10-
France
46
9
9↑
Sao Paulo
30
4
11↓
Japan
45
2
9-
Paris
30
3
12-
Canada
39
4
12↓
Istanbul
29
1
13↑
South Korea
33
6
13↓
Tokyo
28
1
13-
Turkey
33
1
13↓
Seoul
28
1
15↓
Australia
32
3
15↑
Bangkok
27
10
16*
Thailand
29
12
16↓
San Francisco
26
2
17↑
Italy
27
5
17↓
Singapore
22
-5
18↓
Singapore
26
-2
17-
Los Angeles
22
2
19↓
Indonesia
24
-3
17↑
Hangzhou
22
3
20↓
Spain
19
-1
20↓
Dallas
17
0
20*
New Delhi
17
2
Source: Hurun Research Institute 2015
↑ Rank increase yoy  ↓ Rank decrease yoy  - No Rank change yoy * New to Top 20

The USA: Ranks No 1 with 537 billionaires; 56 more than 2014. Technology, Media and Telecom (TMT) overtook investments to become the main source of wealth for American billionaires, followed by retail. TMT, investments and retail made up 125, 110 and 55 billionaires respectively. The combined wealth of the US billionaires was US$2.2 trillion. New York is America’s (and the world’s) city with the highest concentration of billionaires, with 91, followed by San Francisco and LA on 26 and 22 respectively. The USA is also the world’s capital for immigrant billionaires, attracting 211 billionaires. 386 self-made and 152 inherited billionaires. USA added 71 new billionaires. Average age of US billionaires 66.4.
China: Ranks No 2 with 430 billionaires, 72 more than last year. The combined net worth of the Chinese billionaires is US$1.2 trillion. Real Estate has generated most number of billionaires (119), followed by Manufacturing and TMT with 70 and 41 respectively. Led by Hong Kong and Beijing, 5 Chinese cities make the top 20 cities. Hong Kong, Beijing and Shenzhen are home to 71, 68 and 34 billionaires respectively. Average age of the billionaires is 58. 395 self made and 35 inherited. China is the number 1 in the world in terms of generating the most self-made billionaires akin to “rags to riches” – 90% of the Chinese billionaires.
India: Leapfrogged Russia and the UK to third place with 97 billionaires, 27 more than 2014. Manufacturing, Pharma and TMT are the preferred sectors with 23, 14 and 12 billionaires respectively. Combined wealth of the Indian billionaires comes to US$266bn. Mumbai is headquarters to most of the Indian billionaires. Mukesh Ambani (US$20bn, rank 41) is the richest Indian.
Russia: Comes in forth with 93 billionaires; 10 less than 2014. All are self-made. The most popular sectors are energy, real estate and financial services with 19, 13 and 11 billionaires respectively. Moscow is home to 73 billionaires. Combined wealth of the Russian billionaires comes to US$365bn. Overall wealth of Russian billionaires declined by 5%.
UK: Down one place to 5th with 80 billionaires, 2 more than 2014. With four new entrants, Mike Ashley, 50, of Sports Direct leads with a net worth of USD2.8 Bn. London is the overwhelming city of choice for 49 billionaires. Retail, real estate and TMT are the biggest wealth creators with 13, 12 and 9 billionaires respectively. UK billionaires have a combined wealth of US$244 billion. Overall wealth of UK billionaires dropped by 10%. Ukrainian-born Leonard Blavatnik and Indian origin SP Hinduja & family are the richest people living in the UK.
Germany: retains the 6th spot with 72 billionaires, despite having 6 more than 2014. With a 28% increase in net worth, Dieter Schwarz, 75, of Schwarz Group shoots to the top spot of the richest German billionaires. F&B, TMT and Retail are the most popular sectors with 16, 13 and 11 billionaires respectively. Hamburg is the preferred city with 9 billionaires living there.
Switzerland: 7th with 60 billionaires, 4 more than 2014. With 14 billionaires, Geneva is the No 1 city for billionaires in Switzerland. Preferred sectors are manufacturing (with 13 billionaires) and Pharma (with 12 billionaires). Combined wealth of the Swiss billionaires cumulates to US$188.3bn.
Brazil: 8th with 56 billionaires, 8 more than 2014. Combined wealth of the Brazilian billionaires totals US$148bn. Financial services is preferred industry with 12 billionaires followed Real Estate with 7 billionaires.
Japan: 11th with 45 billionaires, 2 more than 2014, despite the Yen losing 6% against the dollar. Combined wealth of the Japanese billionaires cumulates to US$112bn. The preferred sector is TMT with 17 billionaires followed by retail with 9. Tokyo is the preferred city.
France: 10th with 46 billionaires, 9 more than 2014. Combined wealth of the French billionaires is US$265bn. The preferred sector is luxury goods with 9 billionaires followed by F&B with 7 billionaires. Paris is the preferred city.
Chinese Taipei: 9th with 48 billionaires, 11 more than 2014. Taipei is the preferred city. Manufacturing is the preferred sector. Tsai Eng-Meng is the richest person (US$10bn).

Young & Rich
There were 40 billionaires under 40, up by a whopping 50% or 16 individuals. Led by Snapchat founders Evan Spiegel, 23, and Bobby Murphy, 25, the USA has the most (7), followed by China (3). 25% are women, of which Elizabeth Holmes, 30, is the youngest. 22 are self-made with 18 inherited.
Billionaires under 40 years – Hurun Global Rich List 2015
Age
Name
Wealth US$Bn
Main Company
Self-made Scorecard
Gender
Country
of Residence
24
Evan Spiegel
1.5
Snapchat
4
M
USA
26
Bobby Murphy
1.5
Snapchat
4
M
USA
30
Mark Zuckerberg
44
Facebook
4
M
USA
30
Dustin Moskovitz
13
Facebook
4
M
USA
30
Elizabeth Holmes
3.6
Theranos
4
F
USA
30
Anton Kathrein Jr
1.4
Kathrein Werke
3
M
Germany
31
Albert von Thurn und Taxis
2.0
-
3
M
Germany
31
Nathan Blecharczyk
1.5
AirBnb
4
M
USA
32
Scott Duncan
5.0
Enterprise Products
1
M
USA
32
Eduardo Saverin
3.7
Facebook
4
M
Singapore
32
Lynsi Torres
1.7
In N Out Burgers
3
F
USA
33
Joe Gebbia
1.5
AirBnb
4
M
USA
33
Fahd Hariri
1.2
Turk Telekomunikasyon
3
M
France
33
Kang Qiao
1.0
Searainbow
1
F
China
34
Yang Huiyan
6.5
Country Garden
2
F
China
34
Marie Besnier Beauvalot
1.8
Lactalis
1
F
France
34
Mike Cannon-Brookes
1.2
Atlassian Corp
4
M
Australia
34
Scott Farquhar
1.2
Atlassian Corp
4
M
Australia
35
Sean Parker
2.8
Facebook
4
M
USA
35, 34
Wang Qicheng & Wu Yan
1.3
Hakim
5
M, F
China
36
Naruatsu Baba
1.9
Colopl
4
M
Japan
36
Robert Pera
1.6
Ubiquity Networks
4
M
USA
36
Garrett Camp
1.3
Uber Technologies
4
M
USA
36
Ayman Hariri
1.2
Turk Telekomunikasyon
3
M
Saudi Arabia
37
Alejandro Santo Domingo
14
Sab Miller
2
M
USA
37
Yvonne Bauer & family
2.6
Bauer Media
3
F
Germany
37
Yoshikazu Tanaka
1.5
Gree International
5
M
Japan
37
Maxim Nogotkov
1.3
Svyaznoy Retail
5
M
Russia
37
Jack Dorsey
1.1
Twitter
4
M
USA
38
Rahel Blocher
2.5
EMS Chemie
1
F
Switzerland
38
Ciliandra Fangiono
1.8
First Resources Ltd
3
M
Indonesia
38
Julia Oetker
1.5
Dr Oetker
2
F
Germany
38
Travis Kalanick
1.3
Uber Technologies
4
M
USA
39
Lawrence Ho
3.4
Melco
2
M
China
39
Chase Coleman, III
2.0
Tiger Global Management
4
M
USA
39
Nicholas Woodman
1.9
GoPro
4
M
USA
39
Yusaku Maezawa
1.3
Start Today Co. 
5
M
Japan
39
Miriam Blocher
1.2
EMS Chemie
1
F
Switzerland
39
Serra Sabanci
1.0
Sabanci Holding
1
F
Turkey
Source: Hurun Global Rich List 2015

Source of Wealth – Hurun Global Rich List 2015
Disruptive Value Creation supported by innovative technology has created more billionaires in the recent past

Industry
No. of billionaires
Change in No. of billionaires
Richest person
Company
1-
Technology, Media and Telecoms
297
40
Larry Ellison
Oracle
2-
Real Estate
280
27
Li Ka-shing
Cheung Kong
3-
Manufacturing
219
33
SP Hinduja
Hinduja Group
4-
Investments
205
21
Bill Gates
Microsoft
5-
Retail
174
-6
Amancio Ortega
Inditex
6-
Food & Beverages
156
18
Forrest Mars
Mars
7-
Energy
129
5
Charles & David Koch
Koch Industry
8-
Financial Services
118
3
Luis Carlos Sarmiento
Grupo Aval
9-
Pharmaceuticals
89
7
Dilip Shanghvi
Sun Pharma
10↑
Logistics & Shipping
47
10
Jack Taylor & family
Enterprise rent a car
11-
Automobile
45
2
Susanne Klatten
BMW
12-
Mining
44
5
Georgina Rinehart
Roy Hill Iron Ore Mine
13↑
Luxury Goods
32
-16
Bernard Arnault
LVMH
14↑
Hospitality
30
1
Mohamed Bin Issa Al Jber
Mbi Internation
Source: Hurun Global Rich List 2015
↑ Rank increase yoy  ↓ Rank decrease yoy  - No Rank change yoy 

Technology produced the most billionaires – 297, accounting for 11% of the entire list. 49 were newcomers, coming from Graham Holding, Dogan Holding, DB Corp, King Entertainment, Uber, Bet 365 and so on. Other tech stocks that shot up include JD.COM (346%), Xinwei Telecom (324%), Alibaba (245%), Xiaomi (198%), YonYou (123%), Baidu (80%), Excel (62%), Verlagsgruppe (60%) and Bharti Airtel (50%).

The US has the most number of tech billionaires, followed by China. The US has added more women tech billionaires, led by Sheryl Sandberg of Facebook. The richest tech billionaire is Laurene Powell Jobs (US$18bn, rank 70), widow of Steve Jobs.

Other Points of Note
The youngest is Elizabeth Holmes, 30, of Theranos, a revolutionary blood analytics company based in USA. Theranos board members include 3 former cabinet secretaries, 2 former senators, a retired CentCom Commander, a retired Navy admiral and a former director for Centre of Disease Control and Prevention.
Nicholas Woodman, an amateur photographer, founded GoPro which went public last year, netting Woodman US$1.9bn.
Valued at US$11bn, Shiv Nadar, 69, of HCL is an aggressive mission to impart literacy in India, and is one of the Top 3 philanthropists in India.
Ones to watch. Uber, Airbnb, Pinterest, Xiaomi and Dropbox are in the pipeline for big tech IPO deals expected in 2015.
Women. More than one in ten are female, 279 women in total. 69 are self-made of which 35 are from China, 16 from USA and 7 from the UK. The oldest is from China, Yik-Chun Koo Wang, 98, co-founder of Johnson Electric. The youngest is Elizabeth Holmes, 30, of Theranos, a healthcare technology company in the USA.
Ones to watch. Uber, Airbnb, Pinterest, Xiaomi and Dropbox are in the pipeline for big tech IPO deals expected in 2015.
Jack Ma & family shot up to 33 after Alibaba’s record-breaking US$25bn IPO in New York in September 2014. Other billionaires of interest minted through IPO include Rocket Internet.
Politically active. Charles and David Koch fund political activities that promote free market principles. Saad Hariri, former Prime Minister of Lebanon, ranks 1094. 6 ruling royal families, including Saudi Arabia, Brunei, UAE, Morocco, Thailand and Liechtenstein.
121 billionaires own Fortune Global 500 companies, 74 from USA, 10 from China.
Billion dollar divorce: Sue Ann Hamm received a US$1bn settlement from Harold Hamm after their 23 year marriage, ranking her in her own right at number 1911.
Richest family in world. Were the Wal-mart fortunes to be combined, the Walton family would have US$138bn, up US$9bn this year, making them the richest family in the world by far.
The 41-year old Google founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin retains their fort in Top 20, despite a stagnant year for Google.
Gérard Mulliez & family saw his wealth increase 25%, pushing him up 11 places to 18, thanks to a strong performance of Auchan, a large retailer in Europe.
Carl Icahn, 78. The legendary investor had a fantastic run this year, improving 66% to US$29bn and up 26 places to number 22.
Big philanthropy. Jack Ma and Joe Tsai of Alibaba donated US$2.4bn worth of Alibaba stock. Mark Zuckerberg and wife Priscilla Chan have donated US$2bn to charity. Ronnie Chan, of Hang Lung Properties, donated US$350 million to Harvard Medical School.
Jim Breyer of Accel Partners in the USA saw his wealth rise 130%. Breyer was an early investor in Facebook & Real Networks.

Oldest. The oldest billionaires on the list are 99 year old David Rockefeller Sr (US$1.4bn, rank 1392) and Taiwanese Lin Yu-Chia (US$1.1bn, rank 1760), followed by two 98 year old billionaires; investor Henry Hillman ($2.4bn, rank 594) and Chinese Yik-Chun Koo Wang (US$2.7bn, rank 446).
16 billionaires from last year’s Hurun Global Rich List died at the relatively advanced age of 85. They included:
Name
Company
Age
Karl Albrecht
Aldi Sud
94
Antonio Ermirio de Moraes & family
Votorantim Participacoes
86
Harold Simmons
Valhi
83
Tsai Wan-Tsai & family
Fubon
85
S. Truett Cathy
Chick - Fil - A
93
Paul Desmarais
Power Financial Oration
88
Patrick McGovern
IDG
77
Malcolm Glazer & family
Manchester United
86
Paul Ramsay
Ramsay Health Care
78
David Azrieli & family
Azrieli Group
92
Robert Holding
Sinclair Oil
88
George Mitchell
Devon Energy Oration
95
Michael Heisley Sr
Heico Companies
77
William C. Ford Sr
Ford Motor
89
Emilio Yap
Phil Trust Bank
89
Abdul Razzaq Yaqoob & family
ARY Group
70
Source: Hurun Research Institute 2015


Billionaires by Continent – Hurun Global Rich List 2015
56% of new billionaires reside in Asia. Asia is drawing away from North America with 191 new billionaires to take it to 943 individuals, followed by North America with 589 billionaires and Europe 401.
Oceania is the only continent where a woman leads the billionaires’ list. (Georgina Rinehart, US$16bn).
With a cumulative net worth of US$80bn, Africa has 31 billionaires on the Hurun Global Rich List 2015. Aliko Dangote, 57, of Dangote Cements leads the pack with US$17bn, breaking into the Top 100. Brahim Zniber, 94, of Belvedere Winery is a new face on the list with US$6.8bn.


Continent
No. of billionaires
Change in No of billionaires YoY
Combined wealth US$ Bn
 1
Asia
943
119
2523
 2
North America
589
61
2385
 3
Europe
401
29
1445
 4
South America
92
11
267
 5
Oceania
33
2
75
 6
Africa
31
-2
80
Source: Hurun Global Rich List 2015

European Union – A quick look
The EU has 323 billionaires this year. Average age of billionaires in the EU is 65, one year higher than the overall list.
Billionaires by EU country
Country
No. of Billionaires
Average Age
Top Industry
UK
80
65.1
Retail
Germany
72
64.6
Food & Beverages
France
46
66.7
Luxury Goods
Italy
27
66.9
Retail
Spain
19
68.1
Real Estate
Austria
16
68.9
Manufacturing
Denmark
12
60.7
Manufacturing
Netherlands
12
69.7
Food & Beverages
Sweden
11
64.8
Retail
Source: Hurun Research Institute

Chinese Diaspora: Where they live – Hurun Global Rich List
Chinese diaspora. 529 billionaires are of Chinese origin. Outside of Greater China, the Chinese diaspora are based predominantly in South East Asia, led by Singapore and Indonesia.
8 are based in the USA: John Tu and David Sun, both of Kingston Technology, Roger Wang of Golden Eagle, Jerry Yang of Yahoo!, Andrew & Peggy Cherng of Panda Express, Chen Tei-Fu of Sunrider and Cher Wang & Chen Wen-Chi of HTC, Duan Yongping of BBK.


 Residence
No. of Billionaires
1
Greater China
478
2
Singapore
14
3
Indonesia
10
4
USA
8
5
Malaysia
7
6
Philippines
6
7
Thailand
5
8
Australia
1
Source: Hurun Global Rich List 2015

Stats
The cut-off required for the Top 100 rose slightly, whilst for the Top 200, 500 and 1000 was down.
Rank on List
2015 Cut-off required US$bn
2014 Cut-off required US$bn
2013 Cut-off required US$bn
10
36
36
30
100
12
11.5
10.5
200
5.9
6.9
6.1
500
2.6
3.4
2.9
1000
1.9
2
1.5
Source: Hurun Global Rich List 2015

Currency fluctuations
Global currency witnessed a highly volatile year with an average 14% drop against the US Dollar. The Ukrainian Hryvnia dropped 49% to the US dollar, followed by Russian Rouble.
 Currency fluctuations against the US Dollar – Hurun Global Rich List 2015
Country
% drop in currency
% Change in Wealth
1
Ukraine
49%
-14%
2
Russia
46%
-22%
3
Argentina
41%
-24%
4
Norway
27%
-55%
5
Japan
26%
-18%
6
Brazil
24%
-21%
7
Colombia
24%
20%
8
South Africa
24%
-29%
9
Turkey
23%
-11%
10
Australia
23%
-30%
Source: Hurun Global Rich List 2015

Stock Exchanges
China has more billionaires listed on its stock exchanges than the USA, leading with 290 compared with 220 billionaires listed in the USA. The Chinese Shenzhen had a good year, with a gain of 42%, followed by India (32%) and Indonesia (21%). NYSE returned 9% while London Stock Exchange returned a declined growth of -3%.

Chinese Star Signs
Billionaires born in the years of the snake and horse lead the way. Billionaires born in the Year of the Sheep, which starts on 19 February, come in at 6th place.

Star Sign
%
1
Snake
9.5%
2
Horse
9.2%
3
Dragon
9.0%
3
Ox
9.0%
5
Rabbit
8.8%
6
Sheep
8.3%
7
Monkey
8.1%
8
Rat
8.0%
9
Dog
7.8%
10
Tiger
7.7%
11
Pig
7.4%
12
Rooster
7.2%


Table: Top 100 - Hurun Global Rich List 2015

 
 Change in Rank
 Name
 Wealth US$Bn
 % change
Main Company
 Age
 Country of Residence
Self-Made Score
1
0
Bill Gates
85
25%
Microsoft
59
USA
4
2
2
Carlos Slim Helu & family
83
38%
America Movil
75
Mexico
4
3
-1
Warren Buffett
76
19%
Berkshire Hathaway
84
USA
5
4
-1
Amancio Ortega
55
-11%
Inditex
78
Spain
5
5
0
Larry Ellison
54
13%
Oracle
70
USA
5
6
0
Bernard Arnault
45
-2%
LVMH
65
France
4
7
11
Mark Zuckerberg
44
42%
Facebook
30
USA
4
8
1
Charles Koch
36
0%
Koch Industries
79
USA
3
8
1
David Koch
36
0%
Koch Industries
74
USA
3
8
15
Dieter Schwarz
36
29%
Schwarz Group
75
Germany
3
11
2
Alice Walton
35
8%
Wal-Mart
65
USA
2
11
3
Christy Walton & family
35
9%
Wal-Mart
59
USA
1
13
1
Jim Walton
34
6%
Wal-Mart
66
USA
2
13
1
Robson Walton
34
6%
Wal-Mart
70
USA
2
15
-4
Liliane Bettencourt
33
-3%
L'Oreal
92
France
2
16
-4
Li Ka-shing
32
-3%
Cheung Kong
87
China
5
17
1
Larry Page
31
0%
Google
41
USA
4
18
3
Alwaleed Bin Talal Alsaud
30
3%
Kingdom Holding Company
59
Saudi Arabia
3
18
11
Gérard Mulliez & family
30
25%
Auchan
83
France
5
18
3
Karl Albrecht Jr
30
3%
Aldi Sud
66
Germany
3
18
2
Sergey Brin
30
0%
Google
41
USA
5
22
26
Carl Icahn
29
66%
Icahn Enterprises
78
USA
4
22
-15
Jeff Bezos
29
-22%
Amazon
51
USA
4
24
14
George Soros
28
47%
Soros Fund Management
84
USA
5
24
-16
Sheldon Adelson
28
-23%
Las Vegas Sands
81
USA
5
24
-10
Stefan Persson
28
-13%
Hennes & Mauritz
67
Sweden
3
27
7
Lee Shau Kee
26.5
26%
Henderson Land
87
China
5
28
13
Forrest Mars Jr
26
44%
Mars
84
USA
2
28
-4
Ingvar Kamprad & family
26
-4%
Ikea
88
Switzerland
5
28
13
Jacqueline Mars
26
44%
Mars
75
USA
2
28
13
John Mars
26
44%
Mars
80
USA
2
28
108
Li Hejun
26
186%
Hanergy
48
China
5
33
-7
Wang Jianlin & family
25
0%
Wanda
51
China
5
34
158
Jack Ma & family
24.5
245%
Alibaba
51
China
5
35
-4
Bertrand Puech & family
24
9%
Hermes
78
France
3
36
-6
David Thomson & family
22
-4%
Thomson Reuters
57
Canada
3
36
-5
Michele Ferrero & family
22
0%
Ferrero Rocher
88
Monaco
3
36
13
Steve Ballmer
22
29%
Microsoft
59
USA
4
39
-15
Michael Bloomberg
21
-22%
Bloomberg
72
USA
4
39
-4
Theo Jr Albrecht & family
21
5%
Aldi Nord
-
Germany
3
41
0
Mukesh Ambani
20
11%
Reliance Industries
57
India
3
41
-10
Rinat Akhmetov
20
-9%
System Capital Management
48
Ukraine
5
43
-8
Zong Qinghou & family
19
-5%
Wahaha
70
China
5
43
-2
Leonardo Del Vecchio
19
6%
Luxottica
79
Italy
4
43
10
Phil Knight
19
15%
Nike
77
USA
4
43
-5
Tadashi Yanai
19
0%
Fast Retailing
65
Japan
4
47
7
Charles Ergen
18
13%
Dish Networks
61
USA
4
47
-12
Haji Hassanal Bolkiah
18
-10%
Brunei Investment Agency
68
Brunei
2
47
23
Laurene Powell Jobs & family
18
29%
Apple
51
USA
1
47
-6
Leonard Blavatnik
18
0%
Lyondellbasell
57
UK
5
47
72
Robin Li & Melissa Ma
18
80%
Baidu
47, 45
China
5
47
46
SP Hinduja & family
18
50%
Hinduja Group
-
UK
3
53
-27
Aliko Dangote
17
-32%
Dangote Cement
57
Nigeria
5
53
24
Dilip Shanghvi
17
26%
Sun Pharma
59
India
4
53
17
Donald Bren
17
21%
Irvine Company
82
USA
4
53
New
Jose Said Saffie
17
New
Parque Arauco
84
Chile
4
53
-4
Masayoshi Son
17
0%
Softbank
59
Japan
5
53
17
Pony Ma
17
21%
Tencent
44
China
5
59
-5
Robert Kuok
16.5
3%
Kuok Group
91
China
4
60
-12
Cheng Yu-tung
16
-9%
New World Development /Chow Tai Fook
90
China
4
60
-6
Georgina Rinehart
16
0%
Roy Hill Iron Ore Mine
60
Australia
3
60
-2
Michael Otto & family
16
3%
Otto Group
71
Germany
4
60
33
Pallonji Mistry & family
16
33%
Tata Sons
86
India
3
60
-6
Viktor Vekselberg
16
0%
Renova Group
58
Russia
5
60
10
Vladimir Potanin
16
14%
Interros
54
Russia
4
66
11
Abigail Johnson
15
11%
Fidelity
53
USA
3
66
-2
German Larrea Mota Velasco & family
15
3%
Grupo Mexico
72
Mexico
5
66
4
Harold Hamm
15
7%
Continental Resources
69
USA
4
66
-25
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
15
-17%
SBK Holdings
66
UAE
2
66
4
Paul Allen
15
7%
Vulcan Inc
62
USA
4
66
33
Ray Dalio
15
30%
Bridgewater Associates
65
USA
5
66
-5
Susanne Klatten
15
0%
BMW
53
Germany
2
73
-47
Lui Che Woo
14.5
-42%
Galaxy Entertainment
86
China
5
74
11
Alejandro Santo Domingo
14
12%
Sab Miller
37
USA
2
74
-34
Alisher Usmanov
14
-24%
Megafon
61
Russia
4
74
3
Azim Premji
14
4%
Wipro
70
India
5
74
New
Bhumibol Adulyadej 
14
New
CPB Holdings
87
Thailand
2
74
-4
Francois Pinault & family
14
0%
Kering
79
France
4
74
31
Gerald Grosvenor & family
14
27%
Grosvenor
63
UK
2
74
45
Henry Sy & family
14
40%
Sm Prime Holding
90
Philippines
5
74
-16
Iris Fontbona & family
14
-10%
Quinenco
72
Chile
1
74
7
James Simons
14
8%
Renaissance Technologies
76
USA
4
74
7
John Paulson
14
8%
Paulson & Co
59
USA
4
74
-16
Jorge Paulo Lemann
14
-10%
Ambev
75
Brazil
4
74
-25
Lakshmi N Mittal
14
-18%
ArcelorMittal
64
UK
4
74
265
Lei Jun
14
198%
Xiaomi Technology
46
China
5
74
11
Luis Carlos Sarmiento
14
12%
Grupo Aval
82
Colombia
4
74
-13
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
14
-7%
Dubai Holdings
65
UAE
2
74
57
Patrick Soon-Shiong
14
52%
Nant Works
62
USA
4
74
85
Roman Abramovich
14
75%
Millhouse
49
UK
5
74
-10
Ronald Perelman
14
-3%
Scientific Game
72
USA
4
74
-10
Serge Dassault & family
14
-3%
Dassault System
89
France
3
74
436
Yan Jiehe & Yan Hao
14
324%
China Pacific Construction Croup
55
China
5
94
-13
Anne Cox Chambers
13
0%
Cox Enterprise
95
USA
2
94
35
Dustin Moskovitz
13
40%
Facebook
30
USA
4
94
-33
Mikhail Fridman
13
-13%
Alfa Group
50
Russia
5
94
-13
Rupert Murdoch
13
0%
News Corp
83
USA
3
94
-30
Stefan Quandt
13
-10%
BMW
48
Germany
2
99
-6
Ernesto Bertarelli & family
12
0%
Serono
49
Switzerland
3
99
-35
Joseph Safra
12
-17%
Grupo Safra
76
Brazil
4
99
0
Michael Dell
12
4%
Dell
49
USA
4
99
47
Ricardo Salinas Pliego & family
12
41%
Grupo Elekta
59
Mexico
3
99
13
Tos Chirathivat & family
12
14%
Central Group
50
Thailand
3


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